From the Project Euler Problem 37: The number 3797 has an interesting property. Being prime itself, it is possible to continuously remove digits from left to right, and remain prime at each stage: 3797, 797, 97, and 7. Similarly we can work from right to left: 3797, 379, 37, and 3. Find the sum of […]

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## Double-base palindromes

From the Project Euler Problem 36: The decimal number, 585 = 10010010012 (binary), is palindromic in both bases. Find the sum of all numbers, less than one million, which are palindromic in base 10 and base 2. (Please note that the palindromic number, in either base, may not include leading zeros.) checked

Read More →## Circular primes

From the Project Euler Problem 35: The number, 197, is called a circular prime because all rotations of the digits: 197, 971, and 719, are themselves prime. There are thirteen such primes below 100: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 31, 37, 71, 73, 79, and 97. How many circular primes are there below […]

Read More →## Digit factorials

From the Project Euler Problem 34: 145 is a curious number, as 1! + 4! + 5! = 1 + 24 + 120 = 145. Find the sum of all numbers which are equal to the sum of the factorial of their digits. Note: as 1! = 1 and 2! = 2 are not sums […]

Read More →## Digit canceling fractions

From the Project Euler Problem 33: The fraction 49/98 is a curious fraction, as an inexperienced mathematician in attempting to simplify it may incorrectly believe that 49/98 = 4/8, which is correct, is obtained by cancelling the 9s. We shall consider fractions like, 30/50 = 3/5, to be trivial examples. There are exactly four non-trivial […]

Read More →## Pandigital products

From the Project Euler Problem 32: We shall say that an n-digit number is pandigital if it makes use of all the digits 1 to n exactly once; for example, the 5-digit number, 15234, is 1 through 5 pandigital. The product 7254 is unusual, as the identity, 39 × 186 = 7254, containing multiplicand, multiplier, […]

Read More →## Coin sums

From the Project Euler Problem 31: In England the currency is made up of pound, £, and pence, p, and there are eight coins in general circulation: 1p, 2p, 5p, 10p, 20p, 50p, £1 (100p) and £2 (200p). It is possible to make £2 in the following way: 1×£1 + 1×50p + 2×20p + 1×5p […]

Read More →## Digit fifth powers

From the Project Euler Problem 30: Surprisingly there are only three numbers that can be written as the sum of fourth powers of their digits: 1634 = 14 + 64 + 34 + 44 8208 = 84 + 24 + 04 + 84 9474 = 94 + 44 + 74 + 44 As 1 = […]

Read More →## Distinct powers

From the Project Euler Problem 29: Consider all integer combinations of ab for 2 ≤ a ≤ 5 and 2 ≤ b ≤ 5: 22=4, 23=8, 24=16, 25=32 32=9, 33=27, 34=81, 35=243 42=16, 43=64, 44=256, 45=1024 52=25, 53=125, 54=625, 55=3125 If they are then placed in numerical order, with any repeats removed, we get the […]

Read More →## Number spiral diagonals

From the Project Euler Problem 28: Starting with the number 1 and moving to the right in a clockwise direction a 5 by 5 spiral is formed as follows: 21 22 23 24 25 20 7 8 9 10 19 6 1 2 11 18 5 4 3 12 17 16 15 14 13 It […]

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